Landscape architecture is the art of using land in the most efficient way for its intended purpose. It involves the planning of cities and towns, the location of roads and buildings, and where and how urban growth should be situated, while taking into account all natural and geographical characteristics and limitations. Landscape architecture is an integral discipline of soil analysis, planning, design, management, preservation and rehabilitation. It has been built on the principles of dedication to public safety, health and welfare; and the recognition and protection of land and its resources. There are four main types of landscape architecture practices: site planning, urban design, land development, and parks and recreation.
Let's take a closer look at each one.
Site PlanningSite planning focuses on the most efficient use of a specific land site for its intended purpose. It also considers its appearance through the services of a company experienced in professional landscape maintenance. Site planning is often used for residential or commercial properties.
Urban DesignUrban design involves the planning of cities and towns, the location of roads and buildings, and where and how urban growth should be situated. It takes into account all natural and geographical characteristics and limitations.
Urban design is used to create a cohesive look for a city or town.
Land DevelopmentSimilar to site planning, but on a larger scale, land development is planning for the use of large areas of land based on geography, need, and other factors. It is often used for suburban development.
Parks and RecreationThis type of landscape architecture focuses on planning parks, open spaces, and recreational areas for public use. Parks and recreation landscape architects must consider factors such as historic value, local recreational space, urban and suburban development, terrain appearance, public safety, health and welfare when designing these areas. Landscape architects must obtain a license to practice in all 50 states. This ensures designs protect the health, safety and well-being of all users.
The American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) is the national professional association representing landscape architects. Landscape designers are not required to have training in landscape design or even experience in horticulture, although they usually do. They are responsible for creating beautiful gardens that are part of the entire garden area that surrounds them.